Learn the basics of how to watercolor paint while painting a Rufous Hummingbird feeding from a yellow flower.
It's great to read about how to paint watercolor, but doing is learning. Instead of just doing brush exercises, we will actually do a small watercolor painting.
Get your supplies and get ready to have fun! Watercolor is easy and fun.
Watercolor paints from a tube are easy to use.
Keep your paints in a watercolor palette with a lid. Close the lid when not painting to keep the paints fresh.
If the colors dry out between paintings, moisten them with a spritz of water. Then they are as good as new.
Spritz water into wells of the colors you will be using to soften them for use. If the well is running low on paint, add fresh some paint.
You want the colors in the wells to remain clean and pure. So do all the mixing in the center of the palette.
Never put a brush with one color on it into the well of a different color.
Clean your brush with water before putting it into the color wells.
Use a container of clean water to wash your brushes. When the water gets dirty, get clean water.
Blot the excess water out of the clean brush on a paper towel, rag or sponge kept next to the water container.
You may paint on watercolor paper or watercolor canvas. My favorite support for watercolor paintings is Aquabord.
How do we decide what size to use?
Small things like hummers and butterflies go on small sizes and things like landscapes go into larger sizes.
We will be using an 8x10 Aquabord for this demo.
We will use a split compliment color scheme.
This painting uses only 3 colors.
Using a limited number colors will give your painting color harmony.
Sketch out the hummingbird. Then transfer your drawing to your painting surface with graphite paper.
People good at drawing can draw the hummer directly. But be aware that erasures can damage the painting surface.
The light source in this painting is coming from the right. We will paint with a #7 round watercolor brush.
Use a round watercolor brush to pre-wet the throat area.
Paint a pale yellow on the side toward the light.
While the yellow is still wet, put orange on the opposite side.
Allow the two colors to mingle together.
Watching the beautiful colors mingle together is the joy of learning how to watercolor paint.
Wet the body with water. The wet area will have a sheen.
The paint will spread into the wet
areas. This is a common technique of how to watercolor.
Mix blue and orange to make brown to paint the areas on the shadow side.
Add more orange, as you paint toward the light.
Leave the area below the throat white.
Mix a very light grey-brown with the orange and blue.
Use more water to make it a light color.
Paint the forward wing.
Colors get lighter and cooler, as they go into the distance.
Add a bit more blue to make it greyer for the wing farther away.
Mix an orange-brown.
Paint the top of the hummer's head with the brush tip.
This leaves stippling marks to simulate the short feathers.
Leave the eye, around and behind the eye white.
Leaving the white paper is a basic technique of learning how to watercolor paint.
There is no white watercolor paint, so we use the white of the paper.
Add more blue to your blue and orange mixture to make a black.
Color mixing is a big part of how to watercolor paint.
Paint the eye leaving a white highlight. Leave the white spot behind the eye.
Paint the beak with one dark line down the center.
Then put a lighter dark on the outside edges that catch the light.
Freely paint the flower petals. Use a variety of oranges and yellow.
Leave some white spaces for a little spark.
On some petals put the paint on one end of the petal.
Rinse the brush, then pull the color toward the other end with the damp brush.
This makes the petal color go from full color to lighter and lighter.
Mix a variety of greens from your blue and yellow.
Add more yellow for the green toward the light.
More blue makes a darker green for the underside of the stem and other areas away from the light.
Paint the yellow-green parts first. Then paint the darker green areas.
Paint the center of the flower with a variety of brown, orange and yellow.
Stipple with the end of the brush to portray the stamens in the center of the daisy.
Using a flat brush, dampen the background area with clean water.
Do one area at a time, so the forward painting edge stays damp to prevent a hard edge.
It seems to work the best to not pre-wet right up to the edge of the bird or flower.
Paint right next to the bird and flower when you are painting on the background color.
If you pre-wet right up next to them, it makes the color pool up against their dry edge.
Make some marks behind the bird to simulate flight movement.
This is a lesson on how to watercolor a hummingbird, so we aren't focusing on the leaves or foliage.
Go over the hummingbird again and darken and brighten any colors where you think it needs it.
Do this to increase the value contrast.
Do any needed adjustment on the flower petals.
Where a petal is overlapped by a petal next-door, darkened the overlapped petal.
Painting is so much fun! Learning how to watercolor paint is not hard.
There are no mistakes that can't be fixed. If you make a mistake just put some water onto the area you want to remove, rub it a bit with a brush and blot the loose color off with a paper towel. It's that easy!